1948-Berlin Blockade Begins

The Berlin Blockade in 1948 was one of the first leading international predicaments of the Cold War. After WWII, Germany was divided into four zones for each of the Allied Powers. Berlin was divided within the Russian zone into East Berlin, which was Soviet Union, and West Berlin, which was American. Stalin wanted all of Berlin to ration supplies to the city so he would have control over the German Capital. He did this by making a blockade or closed off all roads and railways into and out of the city by creating a wall of USSR troops. This wall, frequently referred to as the “Red Noose” cut off supplies of food, coal, and medicine to the citizens of Berlin. The Allied powers were forced to turn against one of their former allies, the Soviet Union, in an attempt to save starving Germans. This “mission of mercy” focused on supplying the city by airlifts carrying thousands of pounds of food to the starving people. Planes that used to drop bombs on the city were now dropping supplies. At its best, every ninety-seconds, day and night, U.S. cargo planes were providing food to the impoverished people.
Residents of Berlin awaiting a cargo plane carrying food during the Soviet blockade of the city in 1948–49.
Residents of Berlin awaiting a cargo plane carrying food during the Soviet blockade of the city in 1948–49.
These airlifts continued through winter and into spring, keeping the people of Berlin alive. General Clay was recalled to Washington where he talked to the Commander and Chief of the White House about the blockade overseas. It was his decision, peace or war.
The following video is a Newsreel that aired about the Berlin crises in July, 1948.






Bibliography
Carr, Nicholas. "Berlin Blockade and Airlift." Britannica.com. Britannica Academic Edition. Web. 2 Apr. 2011.
<http://www.britannica.com.prxy2.ursus.maine.edu/EBchecked/topic/62154/Berlin-blockade-and-airlift>.
"Http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GoIL9gVonQ&feature=player_embedded." Universal Internation Newsreel. Television.
Video-http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5GoIL9gVonQ
Image-http://www.travis.af.mil/shared/media/photodb/web/081010-F-9999L-001.jpg