1949 NATO Ratified

The North Atlanic Treaty Organization (NATO) was a treaty or agreement that involved 12 nations including the UK and the US. NATO was established on April 4, 1949 with the signing of the North Atlanic Treaty (NAT). The Western European powers relied on the massive nuclear arsenal of the US to stop a Soviet ground invasion. Eventually NATO technology rendered the power of the Soviet Union’s ground forces insignificant. After the fall of communism the need for a military alliance diminished and NATO was transformed from a military force to a political one. The NATO was important because it protected the US and Western allies from Soviet ground invasions. Six years after NATO the Warsaw Pact was formed.

NATO and Warsaw Pact. ThinkQuest. Web. march 31, 2011 <__http://library.thinkquest.org/10826/timeline.htm__>.

US President Harry S. Truman signing the NATO alliance pact before members of Congress, 1949.