Mao Zedong


About Mao

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Mao Zedong was a Chinese revolutionary that promoted a brand of Marxism-Lennism named Maoism. He was in charge of the Communist Party of China that overthrew the Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang in the Chinese Civil War, which is how he gained power. He was known from his command in chief position in a guerrilla warfare on the countryside of China. After rising to power he became one of the deadliest leaders ever, killing over 45,000,000 people; more deaths than Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin combined from failed government policies and no regard for his people.


Significance

He is most known for his government policy, Great Leap Forward, that went wrong from 1958-1961 that was supposed to increase steel production along with farming simultaneously. This created the biggest famine in human history, wiping out approximately 20,000,000 - 30,000,000 people, equivalent to the whole population in California. He also had very unethical torture methods, such as splitting a woman's breast open and burning the genitals. These techniques were mostly used during 1949 - 1953 during the Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries, which killed an estimated 2,000,000 to a possible 5,000,000.

Connections

The amount of devastation and damage caused by Mao doesn't seem widely known, as the deaths didn't have a dramatic impact on American life. This genocide bears one of the highest death counts known to date and everyone should be informed of the tragedy that happened because of him and to prevent further damage like this. This directly connects to the Cold War because of his great power in spreading communist and socialist ideas, which have still somewhat prevailed today as China has a partly communist based government.




Overview of Mao Zedong




Bibliography: Schram, Stuart R. "Mao Zedong (Chinese Leader) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. 30 Mar. 2011. Web. 30 Mar. 2011.

"Mao Zedong." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 10 Apr. 2011.