The government was investigating Soviet spys in the United States. Eventually, arrests were made. The arrests of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg became known worldwide. Both Julius Rosenberg and Ethel were active in labor rights and radical politics. Julius joined the Communist Party, he obtained a position in the U.S. Army Signal Corps. as a civilian engineer. Julius Rosenberg was arrested on July 17, 1950. On August 11, Ethel Rosenberg was arrested. They were arrested on charges of involvement in a spy-ring which sold atomic weapons secrets to the Soviet Union. The Rosenbergs were accused of persuading Ethel's brother, David Greenglass, to provide them with confidential U.S. military information gained from his involvement in the development of nuclear weapons. It was believed that Julius, then funneled the top-secret information on to Soviet intelligence. The prosecution lasted for only fifteen trial days and one day of jury deliberation. The Rosenbergs were convicted on March 30, 1951. On April 5, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death. On June 19, 1953, one day after their wedding anniversary, the Rosenbergs were executed by electric chair at Sing Sing Prison.

The Rosenberg's Appeal for Stay of Execution is Unsuccessful---Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg were American communists who were executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage. The charges related to passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. This was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history.

Citations: Rosenberg, Ethel. "The Rosenberg Trial." Cold War Museum. Cold War Museum, 17 May 2008. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. <>.