1961: Bay of Pigs Invasion

Overview Of Event
On April 17th of 1961, The United States military along with Cuban exiles trained by the CIA landed its troops in Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) located in Cuba. The Invasion was an unsuccessful attack made by the United States on the Cuban government. The CIA planned to overthrow Cuba's communist dictator Fidel Castro. Once troops landed it was evident that the Cuban exiles were not as higlty trained and had no chance against the Cuban Army. The invasion eventually was stopped by Castro's army.

At the end of the invasion a total of 90 American's were killed in battle along with many prisoners taken. Due to the United States failure to invade and overthrow Fidel Castro he became even more cautious of the United States. Leading to a separation of friendship between the U.S. and Cuba. Thus giving the United States a larger enemy then before. This infuriated many Americans who along with the CIA immediately blamed President John F. Kennedy, he received a great amount of criticism after the invasion. President John F. Kennedy was held responsible for the deaths taken place during the invasion.

Connection to the Essential Question
The Communist control in Cuba was beginning to become a problem. After the Bay of Pigs invasion Castro went hard to work spreading his communist word to anyone who would listen. Americans needed to be protected from the “Soviet influence in the Western Hemisphere.” While the Cubans and Cuban exiles needed to join together under the power of Fidel Castro to overthrow him. Fidel’s power grew and the only option left was the Cold War.


Image: http://havanajournal.com/images/uploads/bay-of-pigs.jpg
Rose, Cynthia. 1960 - 1969. Detroit: Gale, 2004. Print.