1961: Berlin Border Closed

May 8th, 1945 - World War Two is over and Berlin is divided into four sections: The American, British, French in the west, and the Soviet Union in the east.

The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on August 13th, 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier was surrounded by guard towers placed across concrete walls which enclosed and that held anti-vehicle trenches and other defenses. In the years between 1949 and 1961about 2.5 million East Germans had emigrated from East to West Germany, causing the loss of many skilled and professional workers. berlin.buildwall.jpgThe loss of the skilled workers was a key factor to putting up the wall. By the 1980’s the system of walls had stretched 28 miles through Berlin and extended a further 75 miles, separating it from the rest of East Germany. In October 1989 ,during the wave of democratization that was sweeping through Europe, East Germany's Communist leadership was forced from power. On November 9th, 1989, openings in the Berlin Wall were made so East Germans could travel freely to the west.

This event played a major role in the Cold war because it when Communism was wiped from Germanys government, which played a major role in the First World War involving Adolf Hitler.

website - Berlin Wall Timeline


"Berlin Time Line." Cold War Museum. The Cold War Museum. Web. 31 Mar. 2011.
Mur, Cindy. The Berlin Wall. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2004. Print.